Urbano VIII (1623-1644) Testone 1628 - Munt. 63 AG (g 9,54) RRRRR Urbano VIII, nato Maffeo Barberini (Firenze 1568 - Roma 1644), fu eletto papa nel 1623, sostenitore convinto della suprema autorità della Chiesa, si mostrò anche geloso della propria autorità personale. Attuò numerose riforme all'interno della gerarchia ecclesiastica e operò per il potenziamento dell'Inquisizione. Riuscì ad annettere allo Stato pontificio il Ducato di Urbino (1631). Fu uomo amante del fasto e gran mecenate, colto e umanista, soprannominato perciò ape attica (dall'ape presente nello stemma di famiglia) e sotto il suo pontificato Roma fu abbellita di importanti opere.
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